Cataract is the blur of our eye’s natural lens and is part of the natural aging of the eye. As reflected in the figures, in the eye there is a clear lens, which helps focus the light and the visibility of images with high acidity.
Over the years he dazzles the lens and becomes increasingly yellow, thus diffuses the light that penetrates and prevent it. The result is that images become blurred.
As a condition not prevented or cured with medication. It is the most common condition in humans> 60eton, and sometimes may be caused by a trauma, and chronic diseases (e.g. diabetes, chronic use of cortisone).
In a few cases heredity may be a relative with a history of cataracts and a child gennnithei with waterfall.
What are the symptoms of cataracts?
- Blurred, foggy and / or blurred vision
- Flashes & reflections
- Intense discomfort in the sun
- Impaired color perception
Cataract Treatment: Surgery remains the only treatment option. The surgery may be decided, when cataract begins to cause such discomfort to the quality of vision, thus creating problems in the daily activities of the individual (safe driving a car, reading, television). Based on your symptoms, you and your ophthalmologist should decide together when to do the surgery.
The most popular technique is phacoemulsification. During surgery the dull lens is removed and replaced with a clear, artificial intraocular lens (IOL). Through a small incision of 4.3 mm., And with the aid of sonication crumbling and simultaneously absorb the lens is the removal of cataracts. At the end, an artificial intraocular lens is placed, which is permanent. The operation ends without needing stitches. H eyesight recovered faster with this technique. The cataract surgery is one of the most common and reliable operations.
Today the techniques employed make the process even more secure than earlier and accelerate recovery. With the above-described surgical procedure, o patient returns home immediately after surgery. And the return to daily activities the next day. The patient begins to already see better after surgery and over the days sight improves. Surgery is performed under local anesthesia (drops) and the patient leaves the operating room without protective gauze.